HOME GROWN POTATOES

State Route 256 between

Main Street and Livingston Ave.

In Olde Reynoldsburg

614-861-5700

fishersgardens.com

Your source for:

Fisher’s

Gardens

  1. Flowering Annuals

  2. Flowering Baskets

  3. Geraniums

  4. Container Gardening

  5. Tropical Plants

  6. Hanging Baskets

  7. Vegetables

  8. Herbs

  9. Perennials

  10. Trees

  11. Shrubs

  12. Roses

  13. Pansies

  14. Fall Mums

  15. Custom Container Planting

  16. Miniature Gardening

  17. Gardening Information

  18. Flowering Cabbage & Kale

  19. Houseplants

  20. Ground Covers

  21. Chemicals & Fertilizers

  22. Garden Supplies & Tools

  23. Unique Garden Gifts

  24. Pottery

  25. Seasonal Holiday Items

  26. Potting Soil

  27. Classes

  28. Seeds

  29. Garden Art

  30. Grave Blankets

Soil Requirements

Potatoes require a well-drained, loose loam soil. Incorporating decomposed cow manure/compost or an organic amendment such as Posy Power can improve the soil's aeration and drainage. Potatoes grow best with a soil pH of 5.0-5.4. Use either a 5-10-5 or a 12-12-12 fertilizer and apply in one of two ways:

1. If applying the fertilizer BEFORE planting, broadcast the fertilizer at a rate of 15 lbs. per 1000 square feet.

2. If you prefer to fertilize AFTER planting, ideally the fertilizer should be placed in continuous bands 2-3 inches to each side of the row and slightly below the seed piece. If the rows are 3 feet wide and 100 feet long, apply at a rate of 6-8 lbs. per row.

3. (Optional) A side dressing may be applied to when the plants are 4-6 inches tall. Apply at a rate of 2-3 lbs. per row, 6 inches away from the row if growth appears sluggish. (approx. 40-60 days after planting).

Planting

Potatoes are a cool-season crop and can be planted when the soil temperature is 40 degrees. Plant the seed pieces 3-4 inches deep in shallow trenches and cover with 2 inches of soil. Space the seed potatoes 2 inches apart in rows 36 inches apart.

***To determine how much to plant for your family, on average a 100-foot row planted with 10 lbs. of seed should yield between 1-2 bushels of potatoes. Grampa always said to plant potatoes on the first full moon in April.

Cultivation and Weed Control

When the plants are 6-8 inches tall, some soil should be moved toward the row to start forming a ridge or hill. When the plants are 15-18 inches tall, the ridge should be 6 inches high. Ridging is necessary to prevent greening of shallow tubers which can be exposed to the sun. When weeding, avoid a deep cultivation which can cut and destroy potato roots!

Insect & Disease Control

Numerous insects attack potatoes. Flea beetles and Colorado potato beetles are common foliage chewers. A regular dusting of Sevin insecticide can help control these pests. Early blight and late blight are common potato foliage diseases which can be prevented by applying recommended fungicides every 7-10 days according to label directions.

Harvest

Two weeks after the vines have completely died, the potatoes can be dug with a spading fork or shovel. (Be careful to avoid injury, such as cuts!) When harvesting, quickly place the potatoes in a dark, cool (65 degrees) place to avoid greening or rot.

Storage

To store potatoes for an extended period of time, the tubers need to be "cured" in a dark place at 60 degrees and at a humidity of 85-95% for 10-14 days. After curing, select the best tubers (those free of cuts, bruises or soft spots) and store in a cool (40 degrees) dark place with moderate humidity.